If we talk about a VANT (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) perhaps not many know what we are referring to, nor if we use the English equivalent UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle), instead, the Anglo-Saxon term drone means drone, and we all know what we are referring to. Drones or unmanned spacecraft have been growing in popularity and sales of these types of vehicles have skyrocketed.
They have already been used for years for military use, but now they have broken into the recreational field or as small toys that can be flown inside facilities. That is why we must distinguish well between those that are considered simple flying toys and those that we can designate as somewhat more professional drones for use always outdoors.
A little history
At the end of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st, drones based on existing missile technology began to be developed. The main difference between a drone and a missile is that the drone can be reused and the missile is for single use only but is still an unmanned flying object.
The history of the drone dates back to the Second World War, when this type of unmanned and radio-controlled devices was used to train the operators of the anti-aircraft guns that had to target these flying devices and thus improve their aim for when the target was not these harmless devices, but the enemy.
The Gulf War and the Bosnian War served as a development platform for this type of vehicle, some gadgets that were very useful to use as spies or to transport some type of weapon and reach points where it was previously difficult to arrive in any other way. So be wise when you are about to choose the best Drones for use so chose it after reading about the product on https://saimdeals.com/.
Today, they have begun to be marketed for civilian use, developing other drones quite different from those on the battlefield. Large organizations such as the Linux Foundation, Google, Amazon, and many others are behind this technology and helping in its development because they have ideas on how they could help in the present for rescue work, package delivery, etc.
Its dangerousness and importance have led the Linux Foundation to create a platform for the development of drones and not leave it alone in the hands of large private corporations or governments, thus creating free and open source drones under the Dronecode project for the development of these powerful tools, making the technology can be shared and used by anyone.
Legality in Spain
I would like to make clear about the legality or the responsible use of these drones since some can weigh several kilos and could harm people if they do not fly in controlled open spaces far from urban centers or places like airports where they could end up. With a crashed plane. Therefore, they are not a toy and you have to be aware of it.
Reviewing how the legal landscape is in Spain, we see that it is not too clear, and it is also very fragmented since in each autonomous community there are different rules. The law is temporary and little by little it will be modified, but it is somewhat confusing and still needs improvement. In short, drones weighing less than 2Kg will not have to have any documentation, as long as they are used for recreational and non-commercial purposes. In general, they cannot be used in urbanizations, only in special areas (airfields, spaces specially enabled for this, in the field, etc …).
What should I know when choosing a drone?
There are not too many things you have to know to choose a good drone, but prices can indeed be an indication of whether we are dealing with a toy or if it is a drone. By toy, I mean small drones that lack advanced flight systems and whose price is around tens of euros. These drones are designed for children and can be flown inside a house perfectly, and if they respect the EC norms and have passed controls they should not cause damage.
Now, if you want a real drone, that is not a toy, then we will go to the hundreds or thousands of euros. In these cases, their weight and power are much higher than the previous ones and therefore they can cause serious accidents if they are not flown outdoors where there is no danger. In exchange for that value, we will obtain a drone with more sophisticated flight systems, or other auxiliary elements such as professional cameras, etc.
When you look at the characteristics of a drone, in the section of the control and main circuitry it can look like a PC, and the characteristics that they usually include are an ARM-based SoC, a certain RAM, flash memory or the possibility of using cards. SD type to store captured video or photos, and a controller based on Linux and ROS. However, these are not the priority characteristics where I would focus on.
It is appropriate that you look at other more important ones such as flight speed, autonomy, sensors that it has, type of engines (although in general, they are all brushless that are better and more durable), and other functionalities. The autonomy to which I refer is very important since it will depend on the number of minutes you can fly the drone without draining the battery. On the other hand, some implement GPS, gyros, height sensors, etc., which interfere with the drone’s behavior, manageability, and capabilities.
With the GPS you can geolocate the points where you fly and some even have a functionality that allows the drone to return to a point (home) that we indicate in case we lose coverage and the radio control command does not reach where it is flying over the drone. That way, you would return to the desired point. Also, keep in mind that there are app stores for other operating systems and that by installing new apps we can extend the capabilities of some drones.
The camera is also important, some only implement a camera holder, others bring it integrated and in other cases, we will have to purchase it separately. If you are looking for something simple, perhaps any normal camera can suffice, but if you want to give it a more professional use and record quality images, then the GoPro will be your best option. They are expensive cameras, but they give enormous advantages and quality without equal.
Remember that weight is also important since more weight means you will need more power to fly. Manufacturers generally try to be as light as possible. However, most professional drones like DJI tend to have a considerable weight, but it is also true that their motors move them with great agility.
Lastly, consider what you want, although this is less important, you should know that there are drones with a single-engine or propeller, with two engines, with four or more. The most popular are the quadcopters, that is, with 4 propellers that give better stability and manageability for when we want to leave them static and take pictures.
Which to choose?
I would like to make clear how we should proceed before showing the list with the best drones. To know which one to choose, you first have to be clear about the use you are going to give it and your skills. For example, if you want to use it inside your home, then choose a cheap one, one of those we have called toys.
For outdoor use, you should choose somewhat better drones. But you must also think of something, and you can blow them up. Although it seems simple, it is not so much until you manage to control it properly. So maybe it would be nice if you used a medium-priced drone to learn and once you have the skills to move to a more professional one like DJI.
As always, we have prepared a list of the best drones for you to choose yours:
Drone to get started:
Hubsan H502S X4:
It is a cheap drone, one of the so-called microdrones that look like toys and can be flown in smaller spaces. This brand has managed to conquer this sector to make a good niche for itself. Besides, it has GPS functions for your flight and is quite easy to use outdoors, making it appropriate to get started.
Holy Stone HS111D:
It is a good alternative to the previous one, although its weight is higher and its dimensions too. It allows Full Real-time FPV transmission so you can see the world as seen from the drone from your VR glasses. This quadcopter allows 120 º visions and captures 720p quality video. For an inexpensive price, it has advanced flight and assists sensors that make it easy to fly.
It is another of the best brands of cheap drones you can buy. Quadcopter with a little more than 600g of weight and a very competitive price. It includes a simple design and a decent enough HD camera to capture images and video. Simple flight thanks to its 6-axis stabilizer, flight assistance, etc.
Drone for amateurs:
It is a good drone from the prestigious Parrot firm that can have a long-range within the control range and high autonomy of 25 min. The maximum resolution of the camera is 4K / 21MP. It is a drone that has little to envy the most expensive like the DJI, but for a price that is sometimes half of some DJI models. Precisely it intends to compete with them in benefits but at a much cheaper price.
You can control it with your mobile device since there is an app for iOS and Android for its control. In it, you can also see the image transmitted in real-time with very good streaming quality. Includes a GPS and WiFi.
It is a not so expensive model from the leader in the DJI sector, with 16 min of autonomy and a medium range of control over WiFi, something that is not too high, but enough for many fans. It mounts a 1080p and 12MP camera, with a slightly cheaper price than the Parrot, which is not bad for being one of the “small” DJI models. However, as DJI is the one behind this device, you can only expect good qualities, full functionality, and very good features.
Parrot Bebop 2 FPV Pack:
Parrot has developed a drone with 25 min of autonomy, a mid-range range, a 1080p camera and 14MP on its sensor. Something that is not bad to take into account that it is a drone of about € 500, that is, similar to the previous ones. It can be controlled from Android and iOS and allows a simple flight.
Parrot Mambo FPV:
Probably one of the cheapest drones of this type you can find. However, it only has 6 min of autonomy, a range of 60 meters range, but for a price of about € 150. It is a drone perhaps intermediate between those that are considered toys and those that are not, and you can fly it both inside and outside. So it is quite versatile. Also, its camera is decent, with 720p.
DJI Mavic Air:
When we talk about professional drones we should always look at DJI, with this model we have 21 min of autonomy, a very high range (4km) and a very good quality 4K and 12MP camera. Unlike Spark, in this case, it has very robust support of the camera with 3 axes instead of 2, which allows taking images stably and getting impressive captures. Also, it flies at a pretty good speed.
The control of this product is a small remote control that does not have an LCD screen, so you must use a tablet or smartphone to view the images.
DJI Mavic 2 Pro:
It is a “muscular” version of the previous Mavic, with some improvements for a slightly higher price. Among the improvements, the range has been improved, the autonomy has been increased to 31 min with the incorporation of a higher battery, and it also has a 4K resolution, only the CMOS sensor this time is 20 MP. The rest of the benefits are similar to the basic Mavic.
DJI Mavic 2 Zoom:
With similar characteristics to the Mavic Pro, with 31 min of autonomy, similar ranges and with a 4K camera but with a 12 MP CMOS sensor in this case. It has the same DNA as the Mavic Pro, they are very similar and the equipment we find is similar, but the only difference is that camera that we have talked about, which in this case integrates a 2x optical zoom, so you can zoom Durante the flight and capture more details of what catches your attention.
DJI Phantom 4 Pro:
The DJI Phantom range is quite well known, they are very good quadcopters, with adequate features for professionals and that has evolved between the different versions up to this version 4. Their range is high, with 30 min of autonomy and a 4K camera and 20 MP mounted on special support under the drone. The camera it mounts is a Sony RX100, which allows you to capture 4K at 30 frames per second or 2.7K at 60 FPS, also 1080p at 120 FPS.
It reaches high speeds, even though it is a large and heavy drone, but it can move with agility due to the power of its four brushless motors. The number of functionalities and technologies that you can take advantage of in all DJI ranges is highly coveted.
DJI Inspire 2:
DJI has several series or ranges of products; another one is Inspire, which is now in version 2 to provide a professional drone with 27 min of autonomy and quality of images that will surprise you. It mounts a 24-megapixel sensor and with a 5.2K resolution, with a sophisticated additional imaging system called CineCore 2.0. Its performance, agility, and speed are very high like its colleagues at DJI, but its price rises to around € 3,000, something that triples in some cases the models seen above.